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Scientific and Scholarly Writing: Tracking and Citing References

Why Include References

Papers include a reference section, or bibliography, or works cited page for several reasons:

  • You absolutely want to include your sources so that no one can accuse you for plagiarism.
  • Beyond that, citations help you document the intellectual lineage of discovery.
  • It also helps readers find related research through something called citation mapping.
  • Lastly, citations are one way that we measure the impact of research. Give credit where credit is due so that people's careers can advance.

In life sciences and medical research, many journals ask for a specific style. Unless someone asks you for a specific style, consistency is more important than choosing the right style. Pick a popular style like Vancouver and use a citation manager to do your heavy lifting (although its always a good idea to double check!).

CAPSTONE REPORT AND FINAL PROJECT REQUIREMENTS:

Individual Project Reports must include the following

· Total 5-7 pages (not including References Section, figures, or appendices), font size 12, single-spaced, 1-inch margins

· Title

· Introduction

· Method Section

· Results Section

· Discussion (including hypothetical or actual possible further study)

· Reference Section

o Citation style (Chicago or MLA Style: numerical footnotes with corresponding reference list at the end of the report) OR

o Parenthetical in-text style (APA or AMA Style: with an alphabetical reference section at the end of the report)

See your House Librarian for assistance in using an online reference manager (e.g., EndNote of RefWorks) to assist with citation collection, storage and output.

· APPENDICES (figures, research protocols, educational pamphlets, surveys)

 

Group Project Reports must include the following

· Total 10-12 pages (not including References Section, figures, or appendices), font size 12, single-spaced, 1-inch margins

· Title

· Introduction

· Method Section

· Results Section

· Discussion (including possible further study)

· Attribution section (describe the specific contribution of each group member)

· Reference Section

o Citation style (Chicago or MLA Style: numerical footnotes with corresponding reference list at the end of the report) OR

o Parenthetical in-text style (APA or AMA Style: with an alphabetical reference section at the end of the report)

See your House Librarian for assistance in using an online reference manager (e.g., EndNote of RefWorks) to assist with citation collection, storage and output..

· APPENDICES (figures, research protocols, educational pamphlets, surveys)

Choosing a Citation Manager

Citation managers help you organize and keep track of your references and generate bibliographies. Some also have plugins for in-paper citations, the ability to attach full text pdfs to citations, and tools to share your bibliographies with collaborators. Which one should you use?

Cost

Library Support

Accessibility

Get it

EndNote Desktop

Free for UMMS/UMMHC users. Software download from the Lamar Soutter Library

Yes

Contact Penny Glassman

Desktop software.
(Can sync with EndnoteOnline, EndNoteWeb or EndNote Basic)

Free software download from the Lamar Soutter Library

EndNoteWeb
EndNoteOnline
EndNoteBasic

Free

Yes

Web based

myendnoteweb.com/

RefWorks


Free for UMMS/UMMHC users.
Create an account.

Yes

Contact Nancy Harger.

Web based

refworks.com/

Mendeley

Free

No

Web based or desktop

mendeley.com/

Zotero

Free

No

Web based

www.zotero.org/

Papers

$79 --  or $49 for students.

No

Web based, good on mobile devices

papersapp.com/


For a more complete comparison chart, see Penn State's guide to choosing a citation manager

Purdue OWL

Purdue University OWL (Online Writing Lab) - Comprehensive writing site for all levels of experience.  Contains detailed information on citation formatting, specifically APA, MLA and Chicago.