When determining whether or not you can reuse material, consider these five questions:
From: “A Framework for Analyzing Any Copyright Problem,” by Kevin Smith, Lisa Macklin, and Anne Gilliland © 2014. Used with permission.
1. Assume that a work is copyrighted…until you can determine otherwise.
2. A © statement or symbol is not required to demonstrate copyright; conversely, its absence does not indicate that a work is free to reuse.
3. Look for watermarks, statements of ownership or atttribution, or other indicators of a material's copyright status (for example: Terms and Conditions statements, web page footers). Also look for Creative Commons licenses or other statements allowing reuse of material.
4. A work that is publicly accessible (freely available online) is not necessarily in the public domain or free for reuse.
5. Similarly, a work that is out-of-print is not necessarily in the public domain or free for reuse.
1. Cite any material you reuse, at the point of reuse. Attribution may protect you against plagiarism, but is not the same as getting a copyright owner's permission to use their content.
2. Link to copyright protected materials, rather than copy. Use permanent URLs when you can.
3. Request permission. If you request permission for a work, retain all your documentation and include "used by permission" in your attribution.
4. Claim Fair Use.