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Evidence-Based Nursing: DNP Student Tool Kit

How to Read a Paper series


Dr. Trisha Greenhalgh is a British physician and professor of medicine that wrote a series of excellent articles in the mid to late 1990's as the idea of finding, analyzing and using Best-Evidence from the literature was gaining in importance and prominence.  Although over 10 year old, her "How to Read a Paper" series of articles, published in the BMJ, still offer valid insight into increasing critical appraisal skills. 

Greenhalgh, T. (1997). How to read a paper. getting your bearings (deciding what the paper is about). BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 315(7102), 243-246.

Greenhalgh, T. (1997). How to read a paper. papers that report diagnostic or screening tests. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 315(7107), 540-543.

Greenhalgh, T. (1997). How to read a paper. papers that report drug trials. ARTICLE BEGINS ON PAGE 4 OF THE LINKED PDF FILE.
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.),
315(7106), 480-483.

Greenhalgh, T. (1997). How to read a paper. statistics for the non-statistician. I: Different types of data need different statistical tests.
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 315(7104), 364-366.

Greenhalgh, T. (1997). How to read a paper. statistics for the non-statistician. II: "significant" relations and their pitfalls.
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 315(7105), 422-425.

Greenhalgh, T. (1997). How to read a paper. the medline database. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 315(7101), 180-183.


How to read a paper: the basics of evidence-based medicine - Trisha Greenhalgh

ISBN: 9781444334364

Writing, Citing, and Presenting

Bibliographic Management

Find basic manuals, troubleshooting help and library instruction request information for RefWorks and EndNote.


The Basics of APA Style
A video tutorial for the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.

Frequently Asked Questions about APA Style

Purdue OWL: APA Formatting and Style Guide


Free DOI look up
From CrossRef.  Good resource to quickly find DOIs.

Guide to Preparing Powerpoint Presentations
From Dartmouth Biomedical Libraries

Health Statistics

Massachusetts/State Level Statistics:
State Health Facts-Kaiser Foundation

Massachusetts Population Health Statistics

MassCHIP  (Massachusetts Community Health Information Profile)
Free access to many health and social indicators; community-level data and Instant Topic reports to assess health needs, monitor health status indicators, and evaluate health programs.

National Statistics:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

CDC Wonder: 
Use for a single point of access to a wide variety of reports & numeric public health data.


Health, United States
An annual report from the CDC on trends in health statistics

Healthy People

Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities:
Data collected by the US Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics


National Center for Health Statistics-FastStats A-Z

National Vital Statistics Reports

Social Explorer

Demographic information about the U.S. from 1790 to the present. Creates maps and reports to visually analyze demography and social change throughout history.

Statistical Abstract of the United States

World Statistics:
UNICEF:  Statistics and Monitoring

U.S. Global Health Policy Facts- Kaiser Foundation  

WHO Statistical Information System (WHOSIS) - incorporated into the Global Health Observatory (GHO)

Evidence Based Practice Tutorials

Evidence-Based Practice
From the University of Minnesota 

Evidence-Based Practice Tutorial
From Penn State University

Introduction to Evidence-Based Practice
From Duke University Medical Center Library and Health Sciences Library, UNC-Chapel Hill

Centre for Evidence Based Medicine
From (CEBM) – UK

Online Journals - Lamar Soutter Library

UMMS Family Medicine & Community Health Toolkit

Provides access to high-quality population health data and measurement tools and 
nks providers to population-based and community resources

Nursing Theory Resources

Miscellaneous Resources

Cochrane Library Tutorial
From the Cochrane Collaboration

Medical Outcomes Trust:
A list of instruments reviewed and approved by a scientific review committee affiliated with Health Assessment Lab, a non-profit research organization in Boston

AHRQ Nursing Research
From the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality