The NIH Public Access Policy requires all NIH funded researchers to submit or have submitted for them an electronic copy of their final peer-reviewed manuscript to PubMed Central. The manuscript must be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication. This policy applies to any peer-reviewed journal articles accepted for publication on or after April 7, 2008, arising from any direct NIH funding.
Manage Compliance with NCBI's My Bibliography
Looking for help with My NCBI, My Bibliography, and compliance issues related to the NIH Public Access Policy? NIH and the National Library of Medicine have developed numerous resources to point you in the right direction including the eBook, My NCBI Help, and a YouTube playlist of related videos. Check them out. The answers are there!
1. Manuscript is accepted for publication (yay!)
- Confirm your journal's NIH compliance procedure.
- Ensure that the conditions of the NIH policy can be met BEFORE signing a transfer of copyright agreement.
2. Manuscript is submitted to PubMed Central
- Either by the publisher (Methods A, B, and D).
- Or by the author (Methods C and D).
3. Authors track and manage their compliance using NCBI's My Bibliography.
4. Authors cite PMCID in progress reports, applications, and proposals.
PubMed and PubMed Central are Different!
PubMed is a searchable literature database, indexing almost 6,000 biomecial and life science journals. It includes title, author, and abstract information for 25 million references and links to the article. Identifiers assigned by PubMed are PMIDs. PubMed does not include full text of articles.
PubMed Central (PMC) is a digital repository of full text journal articles and the destination for all NIH-funded journal manuscripts. Identifiers assigned by PMC are PMCIDs; these are the ids that should be used in reporting and applications to demonstrate compliance with the NIH Public Access Policy.
Four Paths to Compliance
There are four pathways, or methods, that a manuscript can take to get to PubMed Central.
Method A: Journal publishers will deposit the manuscript to PubMed Central on behalf of authors and the author has not action to take. To determine if your publisher is a Method A publisher, search this list of journals.
Method B: Journal publishers will deposit author manuscripts to PubMed Central upon special arrangement with the submitting authors. "Special arrangement" usually means a substantial Open Access fee. Note that this is not the only way to submit a manuscript to PubMed Central, even if it is the only method offered by your publisher!
Method C: The author submits their manuscript directly to the NIH Manuscript Submission system and approves it for posting to PubMed Central.
Method D: Journal publishers will deposit the manuscript to the NIH Manuscript Submission system on behalf of authors and the author must then approve the version prepared for PubMed Central.
Since 2013, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has been enforcing its policy requiring investigators deposit copies of their papers in a public archive. Funds will be withheld from researchers who do not comply with the Public Access Policy.
This mutli-part webinar from 2013 (total running time approx. 90 minutes) explains the enforcement component of the NIH Public Access Policy and shows how reserachers and universities can insure compliance with the law.
Librarians at the Lamar Soutter Library are available to help University of Massachusetts Medical School researchers by answering questions about the law, helping with copyright questions, troubleshooting compliance issues, and providing training or assisting with using the NIH online submission system.
Rebecca Reznik-Zellen, MA, MLIS
Head of Research and Scholarly Communication Services
Lisa Palmer, MSLS, AHIP
Institutional Repository Librarian
We're here to help!
These links take you to information on the major STEM publishers' websites regarding their policies on the NIH Public Access Mandate.