The NIH Public Access Policy requires scientists to submit final peer-reviewed manuscripts that arise from NIH funds to PubMed Central (PMC) upon acceptance for publication. A manuscript must be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication. This policy applies to any peer-reviewed journal articles arising from NIH funding accepted for publication on or after April 7, 2008.
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) has announced plans to release a new NIH Manuscript Submission (NIHMS) system later in 2019. The 10-minute video "A New NIHMS (and PACM API) to Support Public Access" provides context for the decision to rebuild the NIHMS and explains changes to anticipate.
1. Manuscript is accepted for publication (yay!)
2. Manuscript is submitted to PubMed Central
3. Authors track and manage their compliance using NCBI's My Bibliography.
4. Authors cite PMCID in progress reports, applications, and proposals.
Librarians at the Lamar Soutter Library have put together a one-page quick reference sheet with links to the policy, NIH procedures, and additional resources for compliance. A complementary presentation is available for download or online.
In addition, the NIH has produced a list of relevant FAQs.
Looking for help with My NCBI, My Bibliography, NIHMS and compliance issues related to the NIH Public Access Policy? NIH and the National Library of Medicine have developed specific tutorials and a YouTube playlist of related videos.
There are four pathways, or methods, that a manuscript can take to get to PubMed Central.
Method A: Journal publishers will deposit the manuscript to PubMed Central on behalf of authors and the author has not action to take. To determine if your publisher is a Method A publisher, search this list of journals.
Method B: Journal publishers will deposit author manuscripts to PubMed Central upon special arrangement with the submitting authors. "Special arrangement" usually means a substantial Open Access fee. Note that this is not the only way to submit a manuscript to PubMed Central, even if it is the only method offered by your publisher!
Method C: The author submits their manuscript directly to the NIH Manuscript Submission system and approves it for posting to PubMed Central.
Method D: Journal publishers will deposit the manuscript to the NIH Manuscript Submission system on behalf of authors and the author must then approve the version prepared for PubMed Central.
PubMed is a searchable literature database, indexing thousands of biomedical and life science journals. It includes title, author, and abstract information for millions of citations and links to the article. Identifiers assigned by PubMed are PMIDs. PubMed does not include full text of articles.
PubMed Central (PMC) is a digital repository of full text journal articles and the destination for all NIH-funded journal manuscripts. Identifiers assigned by PMC are PMCIDs; these are the IDs that should be used in reporting and applications to demonstrate compliance with the NIH Public Access Policy.
These links take you to information on the major scientific publishers' websites regarding their policies on the NIH Public Access Mandate.
Since 2013, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has been enforcing its policy requiring investigators deposit copies of their papers in a public archive. Funds will be withheld from researchers who do not comply with the Public Access Policy.
Authors can now access download counts from PubMed Central. Statistics are available for any paper that an author is associated with in the NIH Manuscript Submission System (NIHMS). It's as easy as 1, 2, 3.
These statistics reflect PMC usage only and do not include access counts from any other site. Read more about PMC statistics available in NIHMS.