"Open data" is data that can be freely used, reused and redistributed by anyone - subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and sharealike (from the Open Data Handbook). The Open Data movement began with efforts to improve access to government data (see data.gov). This page focuses on open scientific data: the primary research data published within or alongside research papers.
Check out this Open Data factsheet from SPARC!
There are many options for publicly sharing data sets as a condition of publication, including government-sponsored repositories, disciplinary repositories, third-party repositories, and the UMMS institutional repository, eScholarship@UMMS.
For large datasets, here are selected data repositories for the biological sciences:
Resources for datasets; particularly good for those wanting to create infographics.
Data journals are publications whose purpose is to expose and share research data, and to promote its re-use. Examples of data journals: