Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
UMass Chan Medical School, Lamar Soutter Library. Education. Research. Health Care. Empowering the future. Preserving the past.
UMass Chan Medical School Homepage Lamar Soutter Library Homepage

Veterinary & Animal Medicine

To refine the procedure by reducing pain

YOUR TOPIC/SPECIES/OBJECTIVE/PROCEDURE

AND

(("Models, Animal"[Mesh] OR "Animal Experimentation"[Mesh])

AND

("Anesthesia and Analgesia"[Mesh] OR "Animal Welfare"[Mesh] OR “Euthanasia, Animal"[Mesh] OR "pain recognition"[tiab] OR "pain assessment"[tiab] OR "pain control"[tiab] OR "pain relief"[tiab] OR anxiolytic*[tiab] OR analges*[tiab] OR anaesth*[tiab] OR anesth*[tiab] OR tranquili*[tiab] OR sedat*[tiab])

To identify other animal models

YOUR TOPIC/OBJECTIVE/PROCEDURE **don't include your species in this search**

AND

("Animal Testing Alternatives"[Mesh] OR "Animal Use Alternatives"[Mesh] OR "Animal Welfare"[Mesh] OR (replac*[tiab] AND alternative*[tiab])

To identify non-animal models

YOUR TOPIC/OBJECTIVE **don't include your species in this search**

AND

(("Models, Theoretical"[Mesh] OR "Computer Simulation"[Mesh] OR "Cadaver"[Mesh] OR "Culture Techniques"[Mesh] OR "Cells, Cultured"[Mesh] OR "In Vitro Techniques"[Mesh] OR "Tissue Culture Techniques"[Mesh] OR simulat*[tiab])

NOTE

The "*" in a PubMed search is known as a wildcard. Including an * after the beginning of a word will return all words, regardless of length, that begin with those letters. For example, "anesth*" will return the words anesthesia, anesthesiologist, anesthetize, anesthetized, etc.

To refine the procedure by reducing pain

YOUR TOPIC/OBJECTIVE/PROCEDURE

AND

YOUR SPECIES

AND

("animal welfare” OR euthan* OR “pain recognition” OR “pain assessment” OR “pain control” OR “pain relief” OR anxiolytic* OR analges* OR anesth* OR anaesth* OR tranquili* OR sedat*)  

To identify other animal models

YOUR TOPIC/OBJECTIVE/PROCEDURE **don't include your species in this search**

AND

(animal* PRE/3 (alternative OR alternatives)) OR "animal welfare" OR (replac* AND alternative*)

To identify non-animal models

YOUR TOPIC/OBJECTIVE/PROCEDURE **don't include your species in this search**

AND

(computer PRE/2 (simulation* OR model*) OR "in silico" OR cadaver* OR "cell culture*" OR "in vitro" OR "tissue culture*" or "culture technique*" or "cultured cell*")

 

NOTE

The "*" in a Scopus search is known as a wildcard. Including an * after the beginning of a word will return all words, regardless of length, that begin with those letters. For example, "anesth*" will return the words anesthesia, anesthesiologist, anesthetize, anesthetized, etc.

PRE/n is a proximity operator in Scopus. This searches for a specific word order, with up to n words in between. 

Tips for n Values from Scopus

  • To find terms in the same sentence, use 15.
  • To find terms in the same paragraph, use 50
  • To find adjacent terms, use 0. For example, "computer PRE/0 simulation" returns the same Scopus results as "computer simulation".